5. Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) Procedures:
Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) procedures are critical safety measures designed to protect workers from hazardous energy sources when machinery and equipment need maintenance or repair. Here's a more detailed explanation of these procedures:
LOTO procedures aim to prevent unexpected energisation or start-up of machines during maintenance, servicing, or repair.
The primary goal is to eliminate the risk of injury or even fatalities that can occur when workers accidentally come into contact with moving parts or electrical sources while performing maintenance tasks.
De-energisation and Isolation:
LOTO involves the complete de-energisation of machines by isolating them from their power sources. This includes shutting off electrical circuits, pneumatic systems, hydraulic systems, and other energy sources.
Lockout devices, such as safety padlocks, reusable cable lockouts, and hasps, are used to physically lock the machinery's power controls in the off position, preventing unauthorised reactivation.
In addition to lockout devices, tagout procedures use warning tags and isolation labels to communicate the status of the equipment. These tags indicate that the equipment is under maintenance and should not be operated.
Safety Tags often include essential information, such as the name of the person performing the maintenance, the reason for the lockout/tagout, and contact information.
Rigorous training is essential for employees who will be involved in LOTO procedures.
Training should cover the identification of energy sources, proper lockout/tagout techniques, and the importance of adhering to established protocols.
Workers should also be educated on how to recognise and address potential hazards and how to respond in case of an emergency.
6. Safety Signage and Labels:
Clearly label machines with warnings, instructions, and hazard symbols.
Place safety signs in visible locations throughout the workplace to remind employees of safety procedures and potential dangers.
7. Regular Maintenance:
Establish and adhere to a maintenance schedule for all machinery and equipment.
Ensure that maintenance tasks are carried out by trained professionals to promptly address potential safety issues as they arise.